The liver is a large, vital organ located in the right upper part of the belly. This organ is involved with approximately 500 different functions. The major functions are listed below:
1) The liver produces bile, which assists in the digestion of fats.
2) It breaks down small molecules, called metabolites, produced by the body. It detoxifies the blood and breaks down medications.
3) It builds proteins like those that help the blood clot and hormones that work throughout the body.
4) The liver is the main site where sugar is stored in the form of glycogen.
5) The liver helps break down old red blood cells.« Back to Glossary Index