What is normal blood pressure, normal blood pressure range

Cardiology, Hypertension, Medicine

Normal Blood Pressure

Blood pressure in the body has two components. A top number or “systolic” blood pressure and a bottom number called the “diastolic” pressure. Guidelines for the treatment of high blood pressure recommend a goal of 120/80 or less. This goal can be a source of confusion for some patients. An easy way to understand this is by separating the 120/80 into two separate goals. Both the top and the bottom numbers need to be under the goal to be considered normal. So, even if one number is excellent, if the other is elevated, the blood pressure is still considered high.

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Systolic Pressure
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Diastolic Pressure

Examples of pressure readings to help you understand what is considered normal


120/79

Normal

Both numbers are under the goal.

(mouse over the the boxes to see what is considered high or normal)

145/60

High

145 is over the goal of 120, even though 60 seems much lower.

120/90

High

120 is normal, but 90 is still over the goal of 80.

A normal blood pressure range varies with age but is generally considered 100-120 systolic pressure over 60-80 diastolic pressure

The “classic” blood pressure cuff monitor used by doctors and nurses in the office and hospital can look intimidating. Luckily today, electronic blood pressure monitors are widely available and are relatively inexpensive. Also, most commercial insurance providers in the United States offer a blood pressure monitor as a covered benefit to their clients. If this is the case, all you need is a prescription from your doctor to obtain a home monitor. Electronic blood pressure monitors are easy to use and accurate. Checking your blood pressure at home is a good idea.  Please follow the instructions provided with each device, making sure to position the cuff in the correct location on the arm or wrist.

It is also important you use a validated blood pressure monitor. Click here for a list of validated devices recommended by the most recent guidelines. 

About the Author
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Jose Taveras M.D. F.A.C.C.

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Dr Taveras works as a cardiologist caring for spanish speaking communities in the Bronx. He completed a dual residency in Internal Medicine and Pediatrics and then served as chief resident of internal medicine at the St. Vincent’s Catholic Medical Center of New York. He went on to specialize in cardiovascular disease at NYU Winthrop Hospital , under the mentorship of Dr. Kevin Marzo, chief of Cardiology at Winthrop. He is board certified in both internal medicine and cardiovascular diseases, and sub specializes in echocardiography, nuclear cardiology and computed tomography of the heart. Apart from his work in community outreach, Dr. Taveras' career focuses on innovation and technology. Dr. Taveras is a fellow of the American College of Cardiology. 

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Last Modified: Jun 9, 2018 @ 1:20 pm

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